Making Essential Oils - Steam Distillation

Steam distillation is a special type of distillation (a separation process) for temperature sensitive materials like natural aromatic compounds.

This is the most common way to extract essential oils. The part of the plant being used, is packed into a chamber above hot water. The steam produced travels through a condenser, where it is cooled into a liquid. Then it collects in a large container as essential oil on the top, and typically the leftover, fragrant water - or hydrosol - on the bottom.